Facial nerve palsy is a condition that can affect anyone regardless of age. It is a spontaneous, sudden paralysis of the face caused by damage to the fibers of the facial nerve. Facial deformity is visible – a lowered corner of the mouth and difficult closing of the eyelid. There is also a problem with clear speech, the ability to perceive flavors is limited.
The most common cause of facial nerve palsy is Bell’s palsy, which is found annually in an average of 8,000 people in Poland. The lifetime risk of Bell’s palsy is 1.6%. It is more common in pregnant women and in people whose family history has a history of this type of facial paralysis. The most common causes of central palsy of the facial nerve are: stroke, multiple sclerosis, cancer.
Most often, the motor part of the nerve is paralyzed on one side of the face. All the motor muscles of the face or only some of their groups may be affected. Immobilization or weakening of the muscle strength of the half of the face is the most common and most noticeable symptom for the patient.
If rehabilitation does not lead to a satisfactory recovery of the functions of the facial nerve and its innervated muscles, surgery may be considered. It cannot restore the full function of the facial nerve, but often leads to significant improvement in it. Remember that thanks to the Rephysio application you can support your rehabilitation of the facial nerve palsy.